Entretien entre Céline Galipeau et François Crépeau, rapporteur spécial des Nations Unies sur les droits des migrants datant du 27 août 2015
Gérer autrement la crise des migrants : http://ici.radio-canada.ca/breve/25401/gerer-autrement-crise-migrants
Article du International Journal of Refugee Law, Volume 27, Issue 4 : Refugees and the Myth of Human Rights: Life Outside the Pale of the Law
According to the UNHCR, the number of refugees of concern in mid-2014 stood at 13 million.1 Acknowledging these figures, the recent tragic cases of migrants crossing from Africa to Europe on boats, and the increasing numbers of asylum seekers in Australia, Refugees and the Myth of Human Rights: Life Outside the Pale of the Law by Emma Larking, an Australian author, is a particularly important and timely publication, her valuable insight into the issues of refugees, migrations, and human rights promotes a better understanding of the problem of human migrations in the context of history, politics, political philosophy, international relations, and human rights.
Western civilisation likes to emphasise its respect and commitment to human rights, the roots of which, as highlighted by Larking, are in ancient Greece and the writings of Locke and Kant. Today, in many countries, human rights are understood not only as moral principles, norms, and standards of human behaviour to be followed and applied in various contexts and relationships of daily settings and makings, they have been formulated as national and international laws defining legal rights for all human beings to be universally observed and practiced by administrations and governments. The philosophy and approach to the issue of human rights is best expressed in the very first sentence of that most important and referential instrument on human rights adopted by the United Nations in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which reads, in part: ‘… recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world’.
Pour consulter l'article : http://ijrl.oxfordjournals.org/content/27/4/697.full
VIENNA — Europe should set a limit on the number of refugees it takes in and seek out those most clearly entitled to protection, German Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere said in an interview with Austrian newspaper Der Standard.
In remarks published a day after Chancellor Angela Merkel, a fellow conservative, pledged to stick to her open-door refugee policy, de Maiziere said Europe should commit to "a generous concluding intake of refugees", but did not provide a number.
"When the quota is filled, there are no further entries in the year," he said when asked how his proposal would work. "Truly needy cases -- from Syria, from Iraq -- will be jointly sought out."
French Prime Minister Manuel Valls said this week that Europe could no longer accommodate more refugees.
De Maiziere said his idea would have to be combined with better protection of the European Union's external borders, and could help overcome resistance from some EU member states to the redistribution of refugees across the bloc.
"With many, the refusal comes from the fact that they cannot be sure that those coming are entitled to protection, and that they fear that a number without an upper limit is coming," he said.
Pour lire le reste de l'article : http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2015/11/26/world/europe/26reuters-europe-migrants-germany.html
Aujourd'hui dans le New York Times : Migrants Arriving in Germany Face a Chaotic Reception in Berlin
BERLIN — On a stretch of sidewalk in Germany’s capital, migrant families huddle under blankets, their eyes locked on a tall metal gate. Helpers in bright yellow vests hand out steaming cups of tea to ward against the cold.
Beyond that gate, in the courtyard of a complex of stately brick buildings in an up-and-coming Berlin neighborhood, is Germany’s version of Ellis Island — a clearing point for hundreds of new arrivals who gather long before dawn to submit their asylum applications.
Many wait more than eight hours here each day, only to be told they will have to return the next day.
“They always say ‘tomorrow,’” said Ezzat Aswam, 33, standing in the predawn chill with his 6-year-old daughter and 8-year-old son nestled next to him. He and his family arrived in Germany four months ago.
The courtyard has also become the face of the country’s struggle to impose order on the tumultuous wave of humanity arriving at its borders daily — about 758,000 in the first 10 months of the year, with 181,000 in October alone.
Pour lire la suite : http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/27/world/europe/germany-berlin-migrants-refugees.html?ref=world&_r=0
L'Union européenne doit dire qu'il n'est «plus possible» pour elle d'accueillir autant de migrants et «trouver des solutions» pour que ceux qui quittent la Syrie soient pris en charge par des pays voisins, a affirmé Manuel Valls lors d'une rencontre avec la presse européenne.
Dans la foulée des lourds attentats de Paris, le premier ministre français a rencontré informellement à Matignon des journalistes de plusieurs médias européens, dont le Süddeutsche Zeitung, qui publient mercredi des extraits de cet échange.
«L'Europe doit dire qu'elle ne peut plus accueillir autant de migrants, ce n'est pas possible», a déclaré M. Valls, selon des propos confirmés par son entourage.
«Le contrôle des frontières extérieures de l'Union européenne est essentiel pour le futur de l'UE. Si nous ne le faisons pas, alors les peuples vont dire: "Ça suffit l'Europe!"», a-t-il ajouté.
Pour lire la suite : http://www.lapresse.ca/international/crise-migratoire/201511/24/01-4924409-valls-lue-ne-peut-plus-accueillir-autant-de-migrants.php
Article du 20 novembre dans le Washington Post : Can refugees be terrorists? The answer depends on where you get your news.
If you’ve followed the debate over whether the United States should welcome Syrians fleeing the civil war in their home country, you know the answer to an essential question: Have refugees who were previously allowed to enter the country turned out to be terrorists?
The answer: Yes, a bunch of them. Wait, no, none of them. Er, maybe some tiny fraction of them.
Media outlets can’t seem to agree, so your answer likely depends on where you’ve been getting your information. And it's a great example of how ideological news outlets can pick and choose what they focus on and which facts mean what.
If you want a thorough explanation of why this question is more complicated than it seemingly should be, hit up The Post's Fact Checker (short version: it's very complicated, and some are over-simplifying it). If you want to know who’s reporting what, keep it here. We’ve broken the press accounts into three groups.
Pour lire la suite : https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2015/11/20/are-syrian-refugees-potential-terrorists-the-answer-depends-on-where-you-get-your-news/
Encore dans le New York Times : Defiant Merkel Vows to Stand by Refugee Policy Despite Security Fears
BERLIN — Chancellor Angela Merkel vowed on Wednesday to stick to her open-door refugee policy, defying criticism at home and abroad which has intensified due to growing fears about a potential security risk after the Islamist attacks in Paris.
Conservative Merkel faces splits in her right-left coalition and pressure from EU states, including France, over her insistence that Germany can cope with up to 1 million migrants this year and that Europe must accept quotas to take them in.
In a 40-minute speech to the Bundestag lower house of parliament, Merkel said the security threat level in Germany was high but insisted that people must carry on with normal life.
"The strongest response to terrorists is to carry on living our lives and our values as we have until now -- self-confident and free, considerate and engaged," she said to loud applause.
"We Europeans will show our free life is stronger than any terror," Merkel added, battling with a croaky voice.
Pour lire le reste de l'article : http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2015/11/25/world/25reuters-germany-merkel-schengen.html
TOKYO — Japan should be doing more to help with the global catastrophe of asylum seekers, the head of the U.N. refugee body said Wednesday.
Antonio Guterres, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, told reporters in Tokyo that he was discussing the problem with Japanese officials and "would like the Japanese government to push its actions ... to increase the number of people resettled in Japan, and especially now to look into the humanitarian admissions of Syrians."
Japan is a major donor of humanitarian aid but accepts very few refugees each year, and the country's reluctance to allow in more is raising controversy given the crises festering in Europe and elsewhere.
Past efforts to resettle Vietnamese and later Myanmar refugees were viewed as not terribly successful. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe raised eyebrows recently when he suggested Japan needed to first deal with its own problems before taking in newcomers.
Pour lire la suite : http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2015/11/25/world/asia/ap-as-japan-refugees.html
BRUSSELS/IDOMENI, Greece — The European Union's chief executive warned on Wednesday that the survival of Europe's "partially comatose" open border travel zone and its single currency were both at risk if member nations continue erecting internal barriers to keep out refugees.
European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker drew a direct link between the two key achievements of EU integration, telling the European Parliament the euro would be jeopardized if the Schengen passport-free travel system unravels.
"If the spirit of Schengen leaves our lands and our hearts, we will lose more than Schengen. A single currency makes no sense if Schengen falls. It is one of the keystones of European construction," Juncker said.
While there is no legal connection between the Schengen zone, which has 22 EU members and four from outside the bloc, and the 19-member euro zone, Juncker's warning reflected growing concern in Brussels that intra-EU tensions over migrants could reverse the post-World War Two war drive for European unity.
Pour lire l'article en entier : http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2015/11/25/world/europe/25reuters-europe-migrants.html
du Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés
À LA SUITE D’UNE DÉCISION DE l’Assemblée générale(1), une Conférence de plénipotentiaires des Nations Unies s’est tenue à Genève en 1951, en vue d’élaborer une Convention régissant le statut juridique des réfugiés. La Convention relative au statut des réfugiés, issue des délibérations de cette Conférence, a été adoptée le 28 juillet 1951. Elle est entrée en vigueur le 22 avril 1954, avec le dépôt du sixième instrument de ratification.
La Convention consolide les précédents instruments internationaux relatifs aux réfugiés et constitue l’effort de codification des droits des réfugiés le plus complet jamais déployé sur le plan international. Elle établit les normes essentielles minimales pour le traitement des réfugiés, laissant aux Etats toute latitude d’accorder un traitement plus favorable. Elle doit être appliquée sans discrimination par rapport à la race, la religion ou le pays d’origine du requérant. Elle prévoit diverses garanties contre l’expulsion des réfugiés, ainsi que des dispositions relatives à l’obtention des documents qui leur sont nécessaires, y compris un titre de voyage, qui se présente sous la forme d’un passeport. La plupart des Etats parties à la Convention délivrent ce titre de voyage. Le document est aujourd’hui aussi largement reconnu que l’était le passeport Nansen [...]
Pour lire le Texte de la Convention et Protocole relatifs au statut des réfugiés vous pouvez suivre ce lien : http://www.unhcr.fr/4b14f4a62.html
ou télécharger le document ici bas.