BAMBERG, Germany — Faced with an unprecedented influx of refugees and growing anxiety among voters, German authorities have stepped up the deportation of failed asylum-seekers.
New figures show that the number of deportations almost doubled this year from 2014. By the end of November, authorities had deported 18,363 people whose asylum request had been rejected, compared to 10,884 in all of last year.
“(The increase) can be explained on the one hand simply by the increasing number of people who are getting negative (asylum) decisions,” Interior Ministry spokesman Johannes Dimroth said Monday.
But the trend is also affected “by the states’ increasing willingness to carry out these procedures,” he said.
The task of handling asylum requests falls to Germany’s 16 states and some have been more rigorous in applying the law than others.
Bavaria, the state that most asylum-seekers first set foot in, more than trebled its deportations to 3,643 in the first 11 months of 2015 from 1,007 last year. The conservative government there has been particularly forceful in pushing to limit the number of refugees coming to Germany — estimated at about one million this year — and speed up deportations of those already in the country.
Earlier this year, Bavaria opened a special center for people unlikely to get asylum. Situated on a former U.S. Army barracks in Bamberg, 50 kilometers (31 miles) north of Nuremberg, the Arrival and Return Facility II currently houses about 850 people.
Almost all are from western Balkan nations, chiefly Albania, followed by Kosovo, Serbia, Bosnia and Macedonia.
Germany considers them to be safe countries where individuals are unlikely to face the kind of persecution that would warrant asylum. Some were sent to the center straight from the border, others have been in Germany for more than a year. Most said economic hardship made them travel to Germany.
“In Serbia there's no work,” said Elvis Asani, a Roma from Serbia who is being sent back with his wife and children. “So we thought we go to Germany and work a little bit.”
Pour lire l'article en entier : https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/german-steps-up-deportation-of-failed-asylum-seekers/2015/12/21/e422fb12-a7fc-11e5-b596-113f59ee069a_story.html