Sur le site du Center of Migration Studies : Treating Syrian Refugees as a National Security Threat : Do the Means Fit the End?
Syrians represent one in five of the world’s nearly 60 million forcibly displaced persons. In November 2015, 13.5 million Syrian residents needed humanitarian aid, 6.5 million were internally displaced and almost 400,000 lived in besieged regions. More than 4.6 million Syrians have been registered as refugees in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, and Egypt, where most live, at best, in a kind of holding pattern and, at worst, in survival mode. With a combined gross domestic product of roughly $1.4 trillion, these nations cannot accommodate populations of this size and need, and United Nations (UN) appeals for Syrian refugees have been grossly underfunded. Not surprisingly, hundreds of thousands of Syrians have embarked on perilous journeys to Europe. Europe’s chaotic and divided response to them has shaken the very foundations of the European Union.
Since the start of the Syrian civil war in the spring of 2011, the United States has provided more than $4.5 billion in humanitarian funding for Syrians, resettled roughly 2,500 Syrian refugees, recognized the asylum claims of a few thousand additional Syrians, and designated and twice re-designated Syria for Temporary Protected Status. Despite harsh opposition, the Obama Administration has not wavered from its commitment to admit 10,000 Syrian refugees in FY 2016. The Administration has also devoted diplomatic capital to resolving the Syrian crisis. To that end, on December 18, 2015, nearly five years after the onset of the Syrian civil war, the UN Security Council approved a resolution that outlines a peace process for Syria. Any process to end the Syrian conflict faces substantial obstacles. However, a level of peace and stability will be crucial to the safe return home of displaced Syrians and to resolving the Syrian refugee crisis.
Instead of insisting that the United States take a leadership role in responding to the world’s largest and perhaps most daunting refugee crisis since World War II, Congress has turned its attention to curbing the admission of Syrian, Iraqi and other refugees. On November 19, 2015, the House passed the American Security Against Foreign Enemies (SAFE) Act of 2015. The Act requires that the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the Director of National Intelligence certify to 12 different Congressional committees that each Syrian and Iraqi refugee seeking admission, as well as each refugee who recently passed through or resided in these states, does not constitute a threat to the United States. If the Act were to prevent these high-level officials from delegating responsibility for certifications, it would bring the admission of Syrian, Iraqi, and other refugees to a virtual halt, stranding thousands of well-vetted refugees in desperate circumstances. If the United States were to regain interest in their cases in the future, the long and arduous refugee screening process would begin anew for them. The US Senate is scheduled to vote on this bill on January 20, 2015. However, President Obama has vowed to veto the SAFE Act if it passes Congress.
At a December 18, 2015 event at the Council on Foreign Relations, Robert Bonner, the Commissioner of Customs and Border Protection in the George W. Bush Administration, characterized proposals to target refugees as “another example of overreaction in our country which we see after every terrorist attack….It’s axiomatic.” Bonner continued: “There’s certainly the opportunity to make sure that the refugees that we do admit do not pose a security threat to our country.”
Pour lire la suite : http://cmsny.org/kerwin-syrians-national-security/#ixzz3z236r0Nu