Sur le site du Migration Policy Institute : Top 10 of 2015 – Issue #6: Refugee Crisis Deepens Political Polarization in the West
Europe’s refugee crisis, which worsened significantly in 2015, has incited forceful and sometimes contradictory rhetoric from politicians across the political spectrum and indeed beyond the continent. The arrival of unprecedented numbers of asylum seekers moving across the Mediterranean and through the Western Balkans has not only strained national asylum systems, but triggered a shift in the political landscape. Populist and far-right groups in Europe have sharpened their rhetoric, using tougher, more enforcement-laden language to reassure voters they have control of a situation many constituents see as slipping from their grasp. These reactions have not been limited to the far right, as mainstream politicians have co-opted such rhetoric in a bid to recapture votes from rising nationalist and anti-immigration opposition parties.
In some countries, the use of stronger language has gone hand-in-hand with knee-jerk policy responses to restrict refugee flows. The November 13 Paris terrorist attacks set off a new round of fear-mongering, based on early reports that one of the terrorists had a Syrian passport (authorities later confirmed all identified attackers were EU nationals, and the passport found was fraudulent), triggering an announcement from the Polish government that it would rescind its commitment to participate in the European Union (EU) relocation scheme. Such reactions stretched beyond Europe as the debate in the United States turned sharply negative after the Paris attacks, with calls to halt the resettlement of already vetted Syrian refugees and block the additional 10,000 Syrians proposed by the Obama administration for resettlement over the coming year. And in the wake of the shootings in San Bernardino, California by a U.S.-born citizen of Pakistani heritage and his immigrant wife from Pakistan, leading Republican candidate Donald Trump went to the greatest and most controversial extreme yet: advocating a total ban on Muslims entering the United States.
Pour consulter en ligne : http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/top-10-2015-issue-6-refugee-crisis-deepens-political-polarization-west